First Cobalt Corp. (FCC:TSX.V; FTSSF:OTCQX; FCC:ASX) is a North American battery materials company with leading ESG credentials, ideally positioned to play an important role in Ontario’s emergence as a significant EV & Li-ion battery manufacturing hub.
First Cobalt expects to be in production at its 100%-owned battery materials park (BMP) [initially producing premium-grade cobalt sulfate] within 15 months. Despite very substantial companywide de-risking, today’s share price is the same as it was in December.
Admittedly, the number of shares has increased by about a third since then, but the Company now has millions more in cash. More importantly, FCC is fully-funded for its Phase 1 cobalt refinery expansion.
First Cobalt’s valuation does not reflect substantial de-risking since December
Phase 1 is expected to be completed in 4q 2022, at which time the refinery will start ramping up to 25,000 tonnes per year cobalt sulfate (“CoSO4”), making it the 2nd largest producer outside of China. Note: Management believes it can increase production by up to +30% with minimal additional cap-ex.
Over the past 10 months, the number of milestones achieved by CEO Trent Mell, his Board, advisors, and management team, has been remarkable.
Despite significant challenges from COVID-19, two mega-trends remained surprisingly robust. The electrification of transportation and the ever-growing efforts to decarbonize the planet. Both paradigm shifts are copper & cobalt-intensive.
The primary use of cobalt going forward is in Li-ion batteries, mostly for electrified transportation. However, as important as the growth in the number & size of Li-ion batteries will be, is where the batteries are needed. N. America will be a huge market for decades to come.
This is great news for FCC as ESG considerations are becoming incredibly important. Having impeccable ESG — environmental, social, and government— credentials is not only critically important for global EV brands, it’s a key element in ethical investing mandates.
Mining, processing, and transport of raw materials & finished goods becoming greener
There are several crucial ESG steps to get right. Extraction must be done while minimizing the use of chemicals and fresh water, and keeping emissions low.
One of the more difficult aspects of the mining lifecycle — from mineral extraction to end-of-life product recycling — is the transport of raw materials, semi and finished goods over large distances.
Mining, processing, and manufacturing need to happen as close together as possible to avoid excess emissions. That’s what makes BMPs so compelling. Not only are they environmentally-friendlier, they offer logistical benefits that can lower operating costs & enhance security of supply.
Management believes it can cut its op-ex by 10% to 15% if one or more third-party precursor / cathode plant(s) sets up shop next to its BMP.
The Company will have a green refinery, in large part by operating under hydroelectric power. Its cobalt hydroxide feedstock will also come from companies tapping hydroelectric power.
A part of FCC’s cradle-to-grave supply cycle solution with room for improvement is the distance between the BMP in Ontario and feedstock sources in the DRC. Management hopes to source feedstock from its own cobalt / copper project in Idaho by 2026 to 2027.
Time to highlight an enhanced, diversified, clean, green high-tech battery materials and recycling focus
Regarding the ‘G’ in ESG, CEO Mell & team have demonstrated provincial & federal gov’t support in the form of a CA$5M grant and a CA$5M, 10-year zero-interest rate loan.
OEMs are demanding a sustainable full-cycle approach to ESG. Not just clean, green supply chains, not only security of supply of conflict-free materials, but also robust end-of-life recycling of critical metals.
FCC plans to hit the ground running with black mass & battery scrap recycling in 2023, which will diversify operations by capturing cash flows from recovered cobalt, copper, lithium, nickel, graphite & manganese.
Several companies with valuations greater than CA$1 billion, are trying to make it big in recycling. It will require huge quantities of black mass / battery scrap for them to succeed. By contrast, FCC will not need much feedstock to potentially generate CA$10M to CA$20M in EBITDA/yr. by 2025. Note: My estimate only, not guidance from management.
In addition to recycling, nickel sulfate production is planned for 2024 to 2025, with feedstock sourced locally. All of these operating segments will be housed on the existing refinery property.
BMPs will be very valuable assets for decades to come
BMPs don’t pop up overnight. They need to be designed & permitted. They require environmental, economic, metallurgical & engineering studies, local community / First Nations support, multiple rounds of funding, followed by construction & commissioning.
There will be dozens of battery material plants built in the U.S. and Canada, but while FCCs should be thriving in 2025 to 2026, others on North American drawing boards will take considerably longer.
First Cobalt’s pro forma Enterprise Value (market cap + debt – cash) of ~CA$180M is, arguably, too low. Analysts estimate run-rate annual EBITDA in 2023 could reach ~CA$45 to 50M. This implies a valuation multiple of 4x [EV/2023e EBITDA].
By comparison, cobalt major Umicore Group (UMI:BRU) trades at 10x
2023e EBITDA, lithium giants SQM (SQM:NYSE) and Albemarle Corp. (ALB:NYSE) at 18x & 24x 2023e EBITDA, uranium major Cameco Corp. (CCO:TSX; CCJ:NYSE) at ~15x, and gold royalty companies like Franco-Nevada at 15x.
These companies are valued at 3 to 6 times FCC’s prospective 4x 2023e multiple.
That’s a huge difference in valuation, especially as FCC’s diversified [cobalt, nickel & recycling] cash flows should grow faster than peers.
As the Company approaches production, its forward valuation multiple should expand.
Once up & running, First Cobalt’s BMP could be worth more than CA$500M
If FCC could achieve a 10x multiple of 2024e EBITDA (estimated @ CA$55M, incl. C$5M from recycling), discounting that CA$550M valuation back 2.5 years at 10%/yr. implies a valuation of ~CA$0.70/shr. (based on 534.3M shares @ CA$0.255 & CA$70M of net debt).
Note: Not a price target, for illustrative purposes only.
Relative value comparisons fail to capture large swaths of the EV / battery & green energy sectors. There are dozens of multi-billion dollar companies that are pre-revenue and will remain EBITDA negative well into the second half of the 2020s.
First Cobalt expects to be EBITDA+ in 1h 2023, years ahead of many high-flying, EV-related companies.
This should make the Company a prime takeover target. But to be clear, management has no interest in selling its scarce & valuable BMP anywhere near the current share price.
A listing on the NYSE American or NASDAQ markets should help draw attention to this compelling story. Several battery materials companies with full U.S. listings enjoy strong trading liquidity & premium valuations.
For example, Canadian & (fully) U.S.-listed Lithium Americas Corp. (LAC:TSX; LAC:NYSE) and Standard Lithium Ltd. (SLI:TSX.V; SLI:NYSE American) are doing great relative to peers, as are uranium juniors Energy Fuels Inc. (EFR:TSX; UUUU:NYSE.American) and Uranium Energy Corp. (UEC:NYSE AMERICAN).
It will take months to get a major U.S. listing, but doing so could be a strong investment catalyst.
First Cobalt Corp. checks a lot of boxes: Clean, green, EV, energy storage, battery materials — CHECK.
ESG credentials — CHECK.
Nickel sulfate production — CHECK.
Recycling — CHECK.
Facilitating decarbonization efforts — CHECK.
First Cobalt is exactly the kind of company institutions & funds with ESG criteria should gravitate to when searching for Li-ion battery materials stocks.
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Peter Epstein's Disclosures: The content of this article is for information only. Readers understand & agree that nothing contained herein, written by Peter Epstein of Epstein Research [ER], (together, [ER]) about First Cobalt Corp., incl. but not limited to, commentary, opinions, views, assumptions, reported facts, calculations, etc. is to be considered implicit or explicit investment advice. Nothing contained herein is a recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell any security. [ER] is not responsible under any circumstances for investment actions taken by the reader. [ER] has never been, and is not currently, a registered or licensed financial advisor or broker/dealer, investment advisor, stockbroker, trader, money manager, compliance or legal officer, and does not perform market making activities. [ER] is not directly employed by any company, group, organization, party or person. The shares of First Cobalt Corp. are highly speculative, not suitable for all investors. Readers understand and agree that investments in small cap stocks can result in a 100% loss of invested funds. It is assumed and agreed upon by readers that they will consult with their own licensed or registered financial advisors before making investment decisions.
At the time this article was originally posted, Peter Epstein owned shares of First Cobalt Corp. and the Company was an advertiser on [ER].
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