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Technical Analyst: The Outlook for Oil Is Bleak
Contributed Opinion

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Technical analyst Clive Maund explains why he is bearish on oil and what could alter that outlook.

A commodity that will certainly not do well in a recession/depression is oil. So much capacity has been brought on-stream in recent years, particularly in the U.S., that in any economic contraction, supply will quickly turn into oversupply. As we know, a cyclical recession/depression is already well overdue and it has only been staved off so far by rate slashing and reckless money printing, which will eventually have catastrophic consequences. We have now arrived at the stage where desperate rate reductions and bouts of QE are having little to no effect—they are pushing on a piece of string as we transition from the stage where we have zombie banks and companies to a global zombie economy.

About the only hope for the oil producers is if they can somehow engineer a crisis by, for example, goading Iran into blocking the Straits of Hormuz, and, as it happens, that appears to be what is in train, and they have much more chance of achieving this because they have Israel on side, which is looking for any opportunity to inflict damage on Iran.

While the blocking of the Straits of Hormuz and the ensuing crisis in the oil markets would certainly generate massive windfall profits for oil producers and oil companies over a medium-term timeframe, this tactic will not be good for anyone long-term because it will implode the global economy, which is already in a very fragile state due to widespread extreme debt. So we have to ask whose priorities will prevail—that of the international community of nations, or that of Israel and the oil producing countries and companies, who, to put it mildly, are an extremely powerful lobby, and from what we are seeing on the ground so far with various orchestrated incidents near to and in the Persian Gulf, the will of the latter may be about to prevail and if it does, we are looking at an imminent extreme economic crisis. The one hope is that common sense will prevail and that Israel and the oil producers and companies grasp that it is ultimately not in their interest either to implode the world economy. However, as we recall, common sense did not prevail before either the First World War or the Second, or for that matter Vietnam.

The average citizen has no more understanding of what is really going on in the world of geopolitics than a Labrador. Consider the typical British "Tommy" going off to fight in the First World War. These men were mostly young and while not necessarily stupid, they were woefully ignorant and naïve and many of them paid for it with their lives or their health—who but an idiot would go and stand in a mud-filled trench for up to four years for a politician?—and that's if they survived that long. They succumbed to the lie—perpetuated to this day more than a hundred years later—that the Germans were predatory aggressors who had to be confronted to "defend the Empire" when the truth was the polar opposite. The British Empire felt threatened by the rise of Germany and tricked it into a war so that it could destroy it. This is why, after the war, Germany was subject to onerous reparations that resulted in hyperinflation and the death of millions. When you grasp this you understand precisely why these injustices and the extreme conditions they gave rise to created the conditions for Hitler to come to power. This is pointed out to illustrate that you should never believe the official tabloid line on anything, and right now that includes the story being spun with respect to Iran.

Having glanced at the fundamentals we will now proceed to look at the oil charts, specifically those for light crude. We will "drill down," starting with a very long-term chart and working our way through a range of charts and then more horizontally by ending with a look at a couple of shorter-term charts.

The very long-term chart going way back to 1982 is most interesting and gives us a "big picture" perspective on what is going on. On this illuminating chart we see that oil has essentially been in a major bear market since its massive 2008 parabolic blowoff top. The pattern is a classic 3-wave A-B-C bear market starting with an A-wave slam in 2008 that was, of course, made much worse because it synchronized with the general market crash at that time. This was followed by a big B-wave countertrend bear market rally that got as high as about $113 in 2011, whereupon, after a topping out process, it went into the destructive C-wave decline that took it even lower than the 2008 crash low by the time it hit bottom early in 2016 and led to the laying off of many U.S. oil workers. A driving force behind this decline was the attempt to crush Russia, which is highly dependent on oil revenue, but the attempt failed because Russia can cope with lower oil prices. Even though the C-wave low normally marks the end of the bear market, we would still need to see a bottoming process, which means that oil could easily return to its lows again, and if a recession/depression hits it is likely to drop well below them, especially given all the new capacity brought online in recent years, as mentioned above. So, barring a blocking of the Straits of Hormuz, the outlook is grim.

The 14-year chart allows us to see in more detail the bear market from the 2008 parabolic blowoff top to the present. The 2008–2009 crash plunge was followed by a big B-wave countertrend rally that peaked at about $113, and after the development of a topping Triangle was followed by another severe decline that was triggered by failure of the lower boundary of the Triangle. While this decline was not as extreme as the one in 2008, it caused mayhem in the U.S. oil industry. Since the early 2016 low we have seen a lesser recovery which petered out late last year leading to renewed decline. While the bear market could have ended with the C-wave low early in 2016, that depends on whether or not the economy holds up, which at this point doesn't look likely, but even if it does the oil market will probably need to build out a base that will probably involve a test of those lows.

Zooming in further via the 6-year chart we see that, while the price recovery from the early 2016 lows has certainly been significant in percentage terms, the uptrend was rather insipid and led to it reversing into another decline late last year. Right now it is looking weak and prone to further decline, which will be exacerbated if stocks enter a bear market soon, as looks likely.

On the latest 8-month chart we see recent action in much more detail, and on this chart we have appended the Accumulation line at the bottom and the S&P500 index at the top. The Accumulation line is weak—it is well below where it was at the June price trough—which is bearish and calls for lower prices down the road. The oil price may also be a "canary in the coal mine" for the stock market, since sagging demand for oil is not a sign of a strong economy, and you will recall from the recent update on the US stock market that we are not taken in by the performance of the "shop window" Dow Industrials and S&P500 indices, which are skewed due to data manipulation.

Finally, we look at the 4-month chart which allows us to see recent action in even more detail. On this chart we can see that an ugly little pattern has formed over the past month which is suspected to be a small downsloping Head-and-Shoulders top that projects the price down at least to the support in the $50 area and possibly lower with the chances of this scenario eventuating greatly increased by the weak accumulation line shown at the top of the chart.

As for oil stocks, recently they have been moving largely in tandem with oil itself, as we can see on the latest 6-month chart for the XOI oil index, which has the Light Crude chart added at the top. This chart looks weak with momentum rolling over and moving averages in bearish alignment, suggesting that this index will break below the nearby support it is perched just above and drop. So, in general, oil stocks look like a good short here.

So, to sum up, barring an extreme development like Iran blocking the Strait of Hormuz, the outlook for oil is bearish and bleak, with lower prices in prospect and possibly much lower prices.

Originally published on on July 28, 2019.

Clive Maund has been president of, a successful resource sector website, since its inception in 2003. He has 30 years' experience in technical analysis and has worked for banks, commodity brokers and stockbrokers in the City of London. He holds a Diploma in Technical Analysis from the UK Society of Technical Analysts.


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Charts provided by the author. Disclosure:
The above represents the opinion and analysis of Mr Maund, based on data available to him, at the time of writing. Mr. Maund's opinions are his own, and are not a recommendation or an offer to buy or sell securities. Mr. Maund is an independent analyst who receives no compensation of any kind from any groups, individuals or corporations mentioned in his reports. As trading and investing in any financial markets may involve serious risk of loss, Mr. Maund recommends that you consult with a qualified investment advisor, one licensed by appropriate regulatory agencies in your legal jurisdiction and do your own due diligence and research when making any kind of a transaction with financial ramifications. Although a qualified and experienced stock market analyst, Clive Maund is not a Registered Securities Advisor. Therefore Mr. Maund's opinions on the market and stocks can only be construed as a solicitation to buy and sell securities when they are subject to the prior approval and endorsement of a Registered Securities Advisor operating in accordance with the appropriate regulations in your area of jurisdiction.

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