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New Lithium Kids in Town
Contributed Opinion

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Howard Klein Howard Klein of RK Equities and the "Lithium-ion Bull" newsletter expresses his thoughts on several different segments of the lithium market.

Lithium equities these past two or three years have often been the land of the Deaf, Dumb and Blind: Most Institutional Investors, Certain Sell-side Analysts, and Mass Affluent Retail are playing bitcoin, cannabis and Tesla, but not yet playing battery materials.

Despite bouts of over-exuberance in selected issuers, the "Lucky Country," Australia, has been a welcoming home to more than a handful of #Lithium Pinball Wizards of and in Oz. Hard rock names in Western Australia in particular, but more broadly, an ASX listing has generally resulted in a lower cost of equity capital than a TSX or AIM listing for lithium developers. Orocobre, Pilbara, Galaxy—to name three—have all managed to raise equity capital when they needed it at relatively high valuations. The KiDs R Alright is one of many The Who metaphors I have used to describe Kidman Resources Ltd. (KDR:ASX) over the past year. Lithium Mr. Market is ripe for some Kidman history rhymes. To enable more Mass Affluent Retail to experience "Life in the Fast Lane."

Eight months after I penned a Seeking Alpha Blog as an open letter to Global X Management with a roadmap to improve its lithium index, Amplify Advanced Battery Metals and Materials ETF (BATT) has emerged as a competitor to that which I called DIM LIT, but have had a bit of change of heart in H1 lithium volatility. Global X Lithium and Battery Tech ETF (LIT) grew assets under management (AUM) from $150 million to $1 billion from September to January. BATT currently has $2 million AUM. I will be keeping close watch to the absolute and relative AUMs of these two each quarter.

I don't believe Mr. Market thinks of Neometals Ltd. (NMT:ASX) as a 10K hydroxide producer by 2021, but that seems the plan for ~$200 million capex, a quite manageable number for a lithium producer, which should be accretive to that which I called Cash Machine NMT last September.

Silver Coast Research does a good job for Neometals referencing Matt Bohlsen's Seeking Alpha article.

I consider much about Silver Coast's commentary on Piedmont Lithium Ltd. (PLLL:NASDAQ; PLL:ASX) (and AVZ) to be on point and would encourage you to read my extensive comments within this Seeking Alpha post. My main quibble is that he seems to present the false choice of picking only one lithium stock and seems to have a short-term trader mentality (buying Piedmont Lithium last fall near a top only to sell at a loss while a recovery seems to be in its early stages). Neometals and Piedmont Lithium are largely different kettles of fish. I believe it prudent to have more than two lithium stocks and Piedmont's uniqueness qualified it for my Screaming Buy album in April. Neometals was among the runners up. Peter Epstein did some constructive Q&A with Piedmont CEO Keith Phillips, published on May 28.

Australian Super—the largest institutional investor in Australia—did some talking with further on-market buying in May. "AustralianSuper Pty. Ltd. is a superannuation manager with more than 2.2 million members and more than $120 billion in assets under management." AustralianSuper increased its stake in Piedmont Lithium from 6.66% to 7.77%.

I expect the ChinAustraliaAsia supply chain from Lithium Rock-to-Chemicals-to-Cathodes-to-Batteries to be mirrored within a few years in this 15-20-year Lithium Supercycle by Hard Rock mines close to traditional auto manufacturing hubs in North America, Europe and Brazil.

Savannah Resources Plc (SAV:LON), a Piedmont lookalike in Portugal could be well placed to feed German, French and British EV makers one day. I expand a bit on this one below.

Sigma Lithium Resources Inc. The good Life Australia exists too in iron ore and lithium-rich Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brazil has a big auto manufacturing industry and BYD is present there. I'll comment on this one in the future.

Savannah controls the largest spodumene deposit in Western Europe. A Scoping Study is to be published in next few weeks.

Market Cap = GBP56M = USD 75M for 75% of project = USD 100M implied market cap for the project

I had the opportunity to meet Savannah CEO David Archer at the Benchmark Minerals New York World Tour and took some notes in a follow up 60-minute call.

Company presentation.

Background: Portugal already produces lithium. Along with the U.S., Zimbabwe and Brazil, Portugal makes up that 5–10% afterthought of lithium supply after we rattle off Chile, Argentina and Australia/China as main countries producing this magical white powder.

Savannah is 29.9% controlled by the Sultan's family in Oman. This family came into Savannah for its copper project in Oman (and mineral sands in Mozambique) but is very supportive and can/will follow their money. GBP 15 million has been invested in the company to date. GBP 6.6 million by founders/management including GBP 1 million from the CEO.

Lithium in Portugal is now Savannah's main focus. It bought the property in May 2017—just one year ago—from an Austrian family who retains 25% free-carried project level interest.

In December, Savannah published a resource of 3 million tons. By February it was 9 million and in April it is at 14.1 million tons, with only 12.5K tons of drilling (150 very shallow holes, all the mineralization is shallow, near surface).

Savannah has an exploration target to grow this by another 8-12 millin tons in the near future, i.e., it hopes to be in the mid-20s this year and over 30 million tons next year.

Within the tenement boundaries are three main mineralized areas so far, but it is Grandeo area (9 million tons) that will be the main focus of scoping study and initial mine plan.

Intercepts/thicknesses have been attractive at 1–1.2%.

Savannah has Request for Proposal out for full feasibility study with brand-name engineering consultants with experience in the space. Feasibility study will focus on mine development in 2019 and commissioning in 2020 around 1.3–1.5M tons for 10-year mine life at 150-180Kt 6% spod con.

Met work is strong: using NAGROM in W. Australia (same as Altura uses), getting 6% Li2O grades.

Mine development will have Dense Media Separation and a flotation circuit. 83% recoveries expected.

Savannah is 138km from Porto: second largest port after Lisbon, which is accessible by brand new highway. The company is currently getting quotes for shipping spodumene to China and Hamburg.

There is electricity on site and a lot of hydro and renewable energy nearby at competitive cost/kwh.

Savannah is permitted for 7 million tons of product; it has 30-year mining permit (from 2006).

Savannah's ore is quite comparable to Piedmont with similar feldspar and quartz alongside its plain vanilla lithium pegmatites. Savannah suggests these other minerals will benefit the project in the following ways:

1. reducing tailings volume—it also can do dry stacking so it won't have to de-water

2. byproducts/co-products—sell to ceramics industry in Portugal and Spain likely.

Ore has no mica and low iron content.

Savannah suggests Altura as an analogue from deposit type, production profile and re-rating potential as a spodumene producer. It talks about plain vanilla deposit in Europe, for Europe, but has done no real work/thinking in terms of converter possibilities except to say there is potential for it.

Financial Information:

• Company Ticker: SAV.L

• Stock Price (6/5/18): £8.00

• Market Cap: £55 million

• Shares Outstanding: 793 million (95 million of which are Options/Warrants)

• Average Volume: 1.2 million Shares

• Consideration paid to date: AU$2.5 million cash + 40 million shares. Potential milestone payment: AU$1.5 million cash + 20 million shares on a 15 million ton mineral resource

• Feasibility study will focus on mine development in 2019 and commissioning in 2020 around 1.3–1.5 million tons for 10-year mine life at 150-180Kt (Target: 6% spodumene concentrate)

Howard Klein founded New York-based boutique capital markets advisory firm RK Equity in 2002 and has over 25 years of experience raising capital for and investing across multiple investment themes in natural resources, with a particular focus on lithium and other commodities relevant to batteries used in electric vehicles and utility storage. Klein authors and distributes the "Lithium-ion Bull" newsletter, which is widely read by institutional investors and accredited investors in North America, Australia and Europe. Klein also speaks regularly at investment conferences about the disruptive battery metals thematic.

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5) From time to time, Streetwise Reports LLC and its directors, officers, employees or members of their families, as well as persons interviewed for articles and interviews on the site, may have a long or short position in securities mentioned. Directors, officers, employees or members of their immediate families are prohibited from making purchases and/or sales of those securities in the open market or otherwise from the time of the interview or the decision to write an article, until one week after the publication of the interview or article.

Lithium-ion Bull (Forest Hills) is a periodic publication, written through my advisory firm RK Equity Advisors, LLC. I may act, or may have acted in the past, as a financial advisor, or capital raiser for certain of the companies mentioned herein and may receive, or may have received, remuneration for services from those companies. I, RK Equity as well as their respective partners, directors, shareholders, and employees may hold stock, options or warrants in issuers mentioned herein and may make purchases and/or sales from time to time, subject, of course, to restricted periods in which we may possess material, non-public information. As of the date of this publication RK Equity or I own securities of Piedmont Lithium, Kidman Resources, Altura Mining and Orocobre. RK Equity is also a retained advisor to Piedmont Lithium from which it expects to receive cash compensation in 2018. The information contained herein is not financial advice and whether in part or in its entirety, neither constitutes an offer nor makes any recommendation to buy or sell any securities.

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