The new facility will compete with services offered by the Airport Authority Hong Kong and will cater for government institutions, commodity exchanges, bullion banks, refiners, wealthy individuals and ETFs.
Hong Kong's largest gold-storage facility, which can hold about 22% of the bullion now in Fort Knox, will open in September to meet rising demand from banks and the wealthy, according to owner Malca-Amit Global Ltd. (3271)
The facility, located on the ground floor of a building within the international airport compound, has capacity for 1,000 metric tons, said Joshua Rotbart, general manager for the Hong Kong-based company's Malca-Amit Precious Metals unit. Two of the vaults may hold assets, including gold, for banks and financial institutions, and others will be used for diamonds, jewelry, fine art and precious metals, said Rotbart.
The move in Hong Kong reflects increased demand for gold in Asia even as the commodity struggles to sustain its rally into a 12th year. Gold-demand growth in China, the world's second largest user after India last year, is slowing, according to the World Gold Council. Vault charges will depend on each customer's operations, according to Rotbart, who declined to give a figure for the venture's cost beyond millions of dollars.
"Hong Kong is a very important center for gold, especially because it acts as a doorway to China," said Sunil Kashyap, head of Asia-Pacific foreign exchange and precious metals at Scotiabank. "Current international hubs are in New York, Zurich and London. There's still a need to set up an Asian hub for physical gold. The trend is for more people to look at storage and trading in Asia, when it comes to physical metal."
Immediate delivery gold rallied from 2001 to 2011 as investors sought protection from weaker currencies and the risk of inflation, and central banks boosted holdings. The metal traded at $1,604.15/ounce (oz) at 10:20 a.m. in Hong Kong today, 2.6% higher this year. It rose 10% in 2011. Gold held in exchange-traded funds reached a record 2,413.61 tons on July 5, according to data tracked by Bloomberg.
The U.S. Bullion Depository Fort Knox in Kentucky, held as an asset of the nation at book value of $42.22 an ounce, holds 147.3 million ounces (4,582 tons [t]) at present, according to data on the U.S. Mint website. In total, U.S. holdings of gold amount to 8,133.5t, according to World Gold Council data.
"The general trend is for moving the assets from the West to the East," said Rotbart, who also oversees business development and marketing of the company's vault in the Singapore FreePort. "Proximity to China is very important."
China's gross domestic product expanded 7.6% in the second quarter, the least in three years, a report showed on July 13. Gold demand in the country may increase 13% to 870t this year, according to a revised forecast this month from the WGC, which abandoned a target for usage to gain as much as 30% to 1,000t. Last year, demand in the world's second largest economy grew 20% to 769.8t.
Asia-Pacific millionaires outnumbered those in North America for the first time last year, according to Capgemini SA and Royal Bank of Canada's wealth-management unit. The number of individuals in the region with at least $1 million (M) in investable assets rose 1.6% to $3.37M, helped by increases in China and Indonesia, according to the firms' World Wealth Report, released last month. So-called high-net-worth individuals in North America dropped 1.1% to 3.35M.
The new storage facility will compete with services offered by the Airport Authority Hong Kong, which began storage operations at a 340-square-meter site in 2009 for government institutions, commodity exchanges, bullion banks, refiners, wealthy individuals and exchange-traded funds. Capacity is reviewed on a regular basis to ensure there is adequate storage over the medium term, the authority said in a statement.
Singapore is also among economies in Asia vying for a greater share of the bullion trade. In February, the government announced a plan to exempt investment-grade gold, silver and platinum from a goods and services tax, starting from October. The aim is to raise the city-state's share of the global gold trade to as much as 15% in five to 10 years from about 2%, according to IE Singapore, the external trade agency.
Malca-Amit plans another storage facility in Shanghai as the firm targets 10 or more sites around the world over the next two to three years, from six at present, said Rotbart. The logistics company, founded in Tel Aviv in 1963 and handling more than 50% of the world's diamond transportation, started its precious-metals storage business after the 2008 global financial crisis reduced demand for gemstones, he said.