How the Eurozone Crisis Boosts Gold & Silver
Source: Julian Phillips, Gold Forecaster (6/28/11)
"Debt obligations aren't being honored as contracted in Europe and U.S."
Then, the start of the drama with Greece confirmed its horrendous debt situation. Then, the debt crises of Ireland, Portugal and Spain. Now, Italy has been put on that list of potential defaulters.
The euro suddenly was not as safe as had been thought. In the last week, people realized the problem could grow and contagion spread to the extent that the EU was threatened. Some feel the euro is threatened, while others said 'no, the euro will survive but with a changed Eurozone.'
The reputation and confidence in the euro has been savaged by the whole process. It's not over yet. Gold and silver prices moved up on the bad news from Europe. And they've stayed there—even after the Greek prime minister won his vote of confidence. Why?
Euro and Eurozone vs. USD and U.S.
The Eurozone is a group of 32 sovereign nations, each with its own independent government, its own separate economy, its own national identity, language and character, each retaining its own sovereignty. It manages its own national revenues and politics all of which are independent of the Eurozone, while being part of it. In other words, unlike the U.S. there is no fiscal union. All people in the U.S. are Americans, speaking English. In Europe, they are first nationals and a distant second they are European. And that's why the E.C.B. doesn't have free rein to bail out Greece by itself. Each nation in the Eurozone is a standalone country still, despite having a common currency. Their unity is considerably weaker than that of the United States.
The euro is only 10 years old, having replaced national currencies at its inception. This achievement was remarkable, particularly because such a mixed bag of independent economies with different balance of payments now have the same currency. It is as if the Eurozone members agreed to fix exchange rates between each other. The weaker nations who joined were fixated by the incentives and loans while the strong nations could stop the continual appreciation of their currencies against its customers (Germany transacts 40% of its business with other EU members). This has allowed them the make huge strides as manufacturer to Europe. It also attracted a good bulk of the poorer member's capital to Germany where it could be invested in efficient industries. The poorer nations faced the opposite capital flows. Structurally, there had to be the strains and the crises we see there today.
Every state in the U.S. is part of one country, with one economy under the Federal government. In the 'States, there is a fiscal union; the state's revenues being passed onto the state coffers and Federal taxes, etc., being passed to the U.S. Treasury. That integration has served the States well and ensured its self-sufficiency, but has not avoided some of the crises that Eurozone members are facing today. Many of the individual States are also bankrupt, but many will be bailed out by the Federal government.
One major difference is that the U.S. government debt has a 'ceiling' of $14.3 trillion dollars that needs to be raised urgently. Should it not be raised, but sacrificed on the altar of partisan politics, it too will face the loss of confidence the euro has suffered to date. We all know that U.S. debts will be paid, but the loss of confidence and trust in holding to debt obligations will be irreparably damaged in the eyes of foreign lenders and banks. The Eurozone crisis has placed this U.S. problem in the same light as the Eurozone debt crisis now.
The major common denominator between the two sides of the Atlantic is that debt obligations are not being held to as contracted. How can confidence remain high in these nations and their currencies if debt obligations are treated so badly? This loss of confidence and inherent value lies at the bottom of gold's inherent value!
The USD Will Follow the Euro
For so many reasons, we at Gold Forecaster and Silver Forecaster have discussed over the years, the U.S. dollar is structurally dependent on foreign capital investments to keep the dollar stable on foreign exchanges. So long as it is the dominant superpower –able to ensure oil is priced in the dollar—the importance of the structure of the U.S. balance of payments was not of great importance. With the declining value of the dollar on global foreign exchanges and the rise in importance of China and the other emerging (and surplus earning) nations, the U.S. debt crisis has become considerably more serious outside the States than inside it. It is the outside value, or the exchange rate of the dollar, that impacts gold and silver prices.
Likewise, in the Eurozone debt crisis, it is the value and reliability of the euro outside of Europe that will affect gold and silver prices. The consequences of being over-borrowed are the currency cannot represent stable value. Their failing to do so reflects positively on that of gold and silver.
One key similarity now being reached in both the Eurozone and the States is the battle between finance and politics. In the U.S., partisan politics is holding government debt ceilings to ransom. Now in Greece, the debt crisis has moved from acceptance by the government to do something to this week's vote on the political acceptability of the austerity measures. That reaches into each M.P.'s constituency and down to each voter. That's key for politicians who will be driven by potential votes rather than by financial sanity. We do feel that an elected official will take a foolish course, if it gets him votes.
So, if politics rules finance (and the banking system) it will affect the value of a currency. When we discuss the 'value' of a currency, we have to include reliability, trustworthiness and certainty that national debts will be paid on time. Once a nation loses this, that facet of its day-to-day operation becomes risky and deters foreign investors. The exchange rate won't reflect this until foreign capital is reinvested in those nations starts to drop. But this will only happen when there are viable alternatives.
For instance, we are very certain that, once the Chinese yuan is a global currency, a huge flight of capital will attempt to convert from the dollar and euro to the yuan. Likewise, the position of the dollar as the prime oil-pricing currency may wane fast. Once these consequences are included in the pricing of both the dollar and the euro, we will see an ebb tide of investors moving to other currency homes. More importantly, the value of both gold and silver as an alternative to the dollar and the euro will be appreciated all the more.
Gold and Silver Promotion
When any of the above situations—whether local or international—strike investors, they move into an investment that won't be hurt by such currency crises. Because of the ripple effect of these crises, many of the markets will be avoided. If a currency falls in value or trust, so will those markets dependent on it. Most assets in that scene will appreciate, unless their performance is affected by the falling currency. So a haven is sought that is outside the sphere of influence of currencies.
Gold and silver do fill that category, gold far more than silver. Gold is both an internationally traded asset and a currency. It is not hurt by a government failing to keep its obligations. It can be paid over by a government when that is all the government has left.
A Change in the Tide
Once the credit crunch hit hard, we were reminded that a national currency's performance was linked to its economy, which meant its value depended on its performance and size and was not necessarily related to its underlying value. When quantitative easing began, it became clear that its value lay in the hands of central banks. Their primary task was to maintain price stability internally; however, this role soon extended to supporting the banking system, maintaining the nation's creditworthiness and stimulating the economy.
From 2005 onward, the gold price steadily rose to around $1,200. In the credit crunch, it dropped back to $1,000 because the frantic search for liquidity caused a sharp selloff of all assets, including the ones that were performing well. This left a massive gap in the instruments that would hold their value through the decades. Only assets that countered the value swings of all currencies could do that job. Once the liquidation of debt ran its course, investors turned back to gold and silver for wealth preservation. The new wealth of the emerging world added to that demand. In the emerging world, gold and silver had and will always be thought of as providing value and financial security. After the worst of the crunch, the gold price resumed its rise, followed by silver.
To emphasize the wisdom of precious metal buyers, the signatories to the Central Bank Gold Agreements slowed their sales of gold to a stop in 2009/10 (this ignores the IMF sales, which were executed for other reasons). Emerging nations, along with their public, began to increase the size of their purchases, taking the gold price up to $1,500 and silver to $35. Today, central banks are either buyers or holders of gold, reinforcing the idea that 'gold is money,' as had been the case before currencies abandoned gold backing.
The Globalization of Gold Markets Removes Control
Once we saw nations across the globe—like South America, Russia, India and China— buying and holding gold for their reserves, it was clear that gold was being globally recognized as a valued asset in the hands of governments. This turned a potential 34,000-ton overhang above the gold market into an unlimited, potential group of gold buyers.
No more can the U.S. in conjunction with the rest of the developed world join against gold with an oil-linked, unbacked set of currencies to keep gold on the sidelines.
China is very different from the developed world in this respect. China has been encouraging its citizens and central bank to buy gold for years now. It watches the monetary games and currency uncertainties with alarm. Why, on earth, would it want to support other people's currencies unless it had to? And why should it prefer these currencies to gold? The emerging world appreciates the value of gold in their reserves as a wealth preserver, too.
The Issue of Greece's 111 Tons of Gold
In our next issue, we discuss the subject of the 111 tons of Greek Gold in the debt bailout crisis. This should give the world guidance on where gold will fit into the evolving global monetary system.
Greece's 111 Tons of Gold in the Evolving Monetary System?
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