Central Bank Report Tells S. Korea to Prepare for Dollar's Fade


"The world could see multiple reserve currencies sharing the leading status 2030 years from now."

The U.S. dollar will likely remain the world's leading reserve currency for the next 510 years but may lose its edge over a longer period, a South Korean central bank report published on Sunday said.

The world could see multiple reserve currencies sharing the leading status 20 to 30 years from now, due to weakening confidence towards the dollar and the rising influence of other currencies such as the euro and yuan, it said.

"The global monetary order is expected to enter into a multi-currency system with currencies, such as the dollar, euro and yuan competing to become the leading reserve currency," the Bank of Korea report said.

It said the weight of dollar assets in global foreign reserves had already fallen to 61.6% by the end of September 2009 from more than 80% in 1977, whereas the euro has risen to 27.7% from 17.9% in 1999.

It is rare for the Bank of Korea, which manages the world's sixth-biggest foreign reserves, to publish a report commenting on such a sensitive topic, though the authors said the paper did not necessarily represent the central bank's stance.

There has been a heated debate around the world over whether the dollar deserves its current edge as the world's leading reserve currency even after a financial meltdown in the United States sparked a global crisis.

But a Reuters survey published in November last year also showed foreign exchange strategists expected the dollar's edge as the world's leading reserve currency would be chipped away only slowly.

The report suggested South Korea prepare itself for the changing global monetary order by boosting the use of other currencies in foreign trade and bolstering transactions of non-dollar currencies in the local market.

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